No matter what time of year, itís important to keep food safety at the top of the list. In fact, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that one in six Americans gets sick each year because of foodborne diseases; an estimated 128,000 are hospitalized and 3,000 die.
Food safety researchers say the most important precaution you can take is to wash your hands thoroughly, properly and often, especially when preparing and serving food. To do so, first wet your hands. Then apply soap, and rub both sides of your hands for at least 20 seconds. Then rinse thoroughly and dry with a clean towel or a paper towel. Itís essential to wash your hands before handling food and after touching animals, touching your nose or face, going to the bathroom, or changing a diaper. And if youíre sick, donít handle food that others will eat.
Washing your hands often offers a double bonus. Not only will it help prevent food-borne illness, it will also help prevent the spread of germs and viruses that cause flu and other diseases.
Some other things to keep in mind:
- Take special care when handling raw meat. For example, experts say donít bother rinsing off the raw Thanksgiving turkey before cooking it. Thorough cooking kills any problematic bacteria or other pathogens; rinsing the large bird is likely to splash and spread bacteria around the sink and nearby countertops. Whenever you handle raw meat, be sure to wash your hands thoroughly afterward, and clean and sanitize all surfaces the raw meat touched.
- Temperature is important. Most foodborne bacteria grow rapidly between 40 and 140 degrees F -- thatís called the Danger Zone. If youíre serving hot food on a buffet, for example, be sure itís kept above 140 degrees (use a food thermometer). Never leave food at room temperature -- or anywhere in the Danger Zone -- for more than two hours. When using slow cookers to serve hot food, be sure the food is hot when placed in the cooker; donít use the cooker to try to reheat cold food. Cold food, such as shrimp cocktail, should be kept on ice when being served.
For more safety tips, see Ohio State Universityís Food Safety website at http://foodsafety.osu.edu.
Chow Line is a service of Ohio State University Extension and the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. Send questions to Chow Line, c/o Martha Filipic, 2021 Coffey Road, Columbus 43210-1044, or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Published: November 26, 2011